Jacksonville is a city located on the Atlantic coast of Florida, the most populous city in. Show map of Florida View map of the United States. Jacksonville is located in the First Coast region of northeastern Florida and is centered on the banks of the St. Johns, about 25 miles (40 km) south of the Georgia border and about 340 miles (547 km) north of Miami.
The communities of Jacksonville Beaches are along the adjacent Atlantic coast. The area was originally inhabited by the Timucua people, and in 1564 it was the site of the French colony of Fort Caroline, one of the first European settlements in what is today the continental United States. During the British period of Florida, the settlement grew at the narrow point of the river where cattle crossed, known as Wacca Pilatka to the Seminole and Cowford to the British. In 1822, a year after the United States acquired the colony of Florida from Spain, it was established there in honor of Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the territory of Florida and seventh president of the United States.
Jacksonville is known for its parks and is also the most populous city in Florida with 950,000 inhabitants. If you ever go, use this Jacksonville map with roads, things to do and reference information. In February 1864, Union forces left Jacksonville and faced a Confederate army in the Battle of Olustee, falling to defeat. Jacksonville's financial sector has benefited from a rapidly changing business culture, as have other Sunbelt cities such as Atlanta, Tampa and Charlotte.
Jacksonville is organized under city statutes and provides a strong form of mayor-council municipal government. The Jacksonville Housing Authority (JHA) is the quasi-independent agency responsible for public housing and subsidized housing in Jacksonville. The Jacksonville library system includes the Main Library and 20 branches, ranging in size from the 54,000 square foot (5,000 m) West Regional Library to smaller neighborhood libraries such as Westbrook and Eastside. Public elementary and secondary schools in Jacksonville and Duval County are administered by Duval County Public Schools, which are governed by a seven-member Duval County School Board elected.
Because of this, voters who live outside Jacksonville city limits but within Duval County can vote in elections for these positions and run for them. Jacksonville is home to a major league sports team, the Jacksonville Jaguars of the national football league (NFL). Although no battles were fought in Jacksonville proper, the city changed hands several times between Union and Confederate forces. At the time of contact with Europeans, all the Mocama peoples in present-day Jacksonville were part of the powerful headquarters known as the Saturiwa, centered around the mouth of the St.
A handful of important literary works and authors are associated with Jacksonville and the surrounding area. Opened in 2003, the VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena is a 16,000-seat entertainment venue that attracts national entertainment, sporting events and also home to the Jacksonville Sports Hall of Fame. There are many other restaurants available in Jacksonville that also offer many other continental cuisines. The city hosts the Florida-Georgia game, an annual college football game between the University of Florida and the University of Georgia and the TaxSlayer Gator Bowl, a postseason college football game.
The Atlantic National Bank, Florida National Bank and the locally-based Barnett Bank dominated the industry in Florida from the early 20th century to the 1980s, before they were all acquired in a nationwide wave of mergers and acquisitions across the financial sector. .